American Kennel Club Standard
video of the Pug
Symmetry and general appearance are decidedly square and cobby. A lean,
leggy Pug and a dog with short legs and a long body are equally
Size, Proportion, Substance
The Pug should be multum in parvo, and this condensation (if the
word may be used) is shown by compactness of form, well knit
proportions, and hardness of developed muscle. Weight from 14 to 18
pounds (dog or bitch) desirable. Proportion square.
The head is large, massive, round-not apple-headed, with no indentation
of the skull. The eyes are dark in color, very large, bold and
prominent, globular in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very
lustrous, and, when excited, full of fire. The ears are thin, small,
soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds-the "rose" and the
"button." Preference is given to the latter. The wrinkles are large and
deep. The muzzle is short, blunt, square, but not upfaced. Bite-A Pug's
bite should be very slightly undershot.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is slightly arched. It is strong, thick, and with enough length
to carry the head proudly. The short back is level from the withers to
the high tail set. The body is short and cobby, wide in chest and well
ribbed up. The tail is curled as tightly as possible over the hip. The
double curl is perfection.
The legs are very strong, straight, of moderate length, and are set well
under. The elbows should be directly under the withers when viewed from
the side. The shoulders are moderately laid back. The pasterns are
strong, neither steep nor down. The feet are neither so long as the foot
of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split-up toes, and
the nails black. Dewclaws are generally removed.
The strong, powerful hindquarters have moderate bend of stifle and short
hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are parallel when viewed
from behind. The hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The
thighs and buttocks are full and muscular. Feet as in front.
The coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither hard nor
The colors are silver, apricot-fawn, or black. The silver or
apricot-fawn colors should be decided so as to make the contrast
complete between the color and the trace and the mask.
The markings are clearly defined. The muzzle or mask, ears, moles on
cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead, and the back trace should be
as black as possible. The mask should be black. The more intense and
well defined it is, the better. The trace is a black line extending from
the occiput to the tail.
Viewed from the front, the forelegs should be carried well forward,
showing no weakness in the pasterns, the paws landing squarely with the
central toes straight ahead. The rear action should be strong and free
through hocks and stifles, with no twisting or turning in or out at the
joints. The hind legs should follow in line with the front. There is a
slight natural convergence of the limbs both fore and aft. A slight roll
of the hindquarters typifies the gait which should be free,
self-assured, and jaunty.
This is an even-tempered breed, exhibiting stability, playfulness, great
charm, dignity, and an outgoing, loving disposition.
Approved October 8, 1991
Effective November 28, 1991
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